Hygiene of the oral cavity is of paramount importance and should be realized with patience and constancy every day to prevent the formation of plaque, the main enemy of oral health.
For healthy oral hygiene, several instruments are sufficient, which should be used in the proper order: a toothbrush, toothpaste, dental floss, and mouthwash.
Why it is important to clean your mouth and teeth
Hygiene of the oral cavity is an operation of paramount importance. Care of the oral cavity is especially important not only from the point of view of health, but also for aesthetic reasons because the mouth is one of our “business cards”: we use it to talk, eat, kiss, and communicate with the world.
At once we will notice that for good hygiene of an oral cavity the constant personal hygiene of a mouth and a tooth interfaced to periodic checks at the stomatologist is necessary.
Daily and proper oral hygiene help to fight against the main enemy of oral health: bacterial dental plaque responsible for the occurrence of caries and many other diseases and defects of teeth and mouth. Keep reading https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/taking-care-your-teeth-and-mouth
Proper oral hygiene at home
As we have already said, daily brushing of teeth and oral hygiene carried out constantly, patiently and carefully, is the fundamental means for removing plaque and solving related problems.
Brushing your teeth
Cleaning your teeth is the main method of mouth cleaning; it allows you to remove the majority of food and bacteria residues, the first enemies of oral hygiene.
For proper cleaning you need to have:
- Toothpaste, which has pH about 6.0-7.0 and which contains fluoride, important for the mineralization of teeth;
- A good toothbrush that suits your needs (mouth width, dentition, dental and gum condition, etc.).
To get good results, teeth cleaning should be done daily, three times a day, if possible within thirty minutes after the end of the meal, proceeding as follows:
- First brush your teeth without toothpaste, dry.
- Then apply a dose of toothpaste on the bristles of the toothbrush.
- Begin cleaning from the front of the dental arch, holding the brush at an angle of 45 °, brushing the teeth for about a minute with vertical movements, from the gum to the tooth, and then from the bottom up for the teeth of the lower jaw and top-down for the upper jaw.
- Repeat this process for the back teeth, always pay attention to the bristles have time to pass into the space between the teeth.
- Brush your teeth in this way for at least a minute.
- Rinse your teeth several times under running water, preferably warm, to remove toothpaste and food remnants from the mouth.
- Clean the toothbrush and cover with a lid to avoid contamination.
Attention, do not brush your teeth in the horizontal direction, from left to right and vice versa: this movement pushes the dental plaque and food debris into the space between the teeth!
Cleaning the tongue
Cleaning the tongue is often overlooked, but it is not a less important part of the oral care process, as food remains and microorganisms settle on the tongue, which, if not eliminated, lead to an unpleasant phenomenon, such as bad breath.
Cleaning the tongue can be done with a toothbrush or a special tool that can be purchased at a pharmacy.
This procedure can be quite unpleasant, since cleaning the tongue can even cause vomiting, but if you exercise it cautiously and daily, you will get used to such movements.
How to teach children to proper oral hygiene
Methods of cleaning the teeth, which provide good oral hygiene, should be a daily habit, so it is recommended to teach children to brush their teeth from an early age:
- The smallest one can imagine brushing your teeth as a game or as an imitation of adult behavior. For these purposes, it is useful to buy a funny and cheerful toothbrush, similar to a toy.
- Teach children how to properly brush their teeth and why daily care of the oral cavity is important.
- Use a toothbrush for children, which has a soft bristle, so as not to cause inflammation of the gums.
- At the age of two years, you can start using toothpaste, which should have fluoride in the composition and be pleasant taste.
- Finally, check with the children’s dentist periodic visits to not only check the health of the oral cavity of the child but also to introduce the child to the dentist and the process of dentistry. Keep Reading 7 Ways To Make Dental Hygiene For Kids Fun
Important tools for cleaning the mouth
Toothbrush – how to choose and how to store
A toothbrush that fits most mouths has the following features:
- Medium stiff bristles
- The handle is straight and firm
- Bristles straight and of equal length
- Maximum bristle diameter 0.30 mm, with a rounded tip
- Head length of at least 3 cm, for adults, and 2 cm for children, according to the size of the mouth
The toothbrush should be changed every 2 months, or as soon as the bristles begin to bend.
It is also important to store the toothbrush: it should be stored separately from other toothbrushes, in a place where it can dry quickly since moisture promotes the multiplication of bacteria between the bristles.
Toothpaste: quite a bit, but with fluoride
Toothpaste should be used at the end of tooth cleaning to remove more waste and clean the oral cavity.
Good toothpaste based on fluoride makes the tooth enamel more resistant to tooth decay and has an antiseptic effect. Do not use it in large quantities.
Dental floss – for thorough cleaning of interdentally spaces
The dental floss will help remove the bacterial plaque between the teeth and in places that are difficult to reach with a toothbrush.
The correct procedure for cleaning with dental floss is as follows:
- Take about 25 cm of a thread, wrap around the middle finger and hold the other end with your thumb and forefinger.
- Start with the back teeth, pass the thread gently between the teeth, so as not to damage the gum, and perform back and forth motion.
- Repeat the procedure for all teeth.
This method of dental care can not completely replace the cleaning of teeth with a brush and paste.
Mouthwash – be careful
Depending on the specific characteristics, mouthwashes can help:
- Remove plaque
- Freshen up one’s breath
- Rematerialize teeth
- To disinfect the oral cavity
The mouthwash can reach the outermost oral cavity and is a good solution for completing the oral hygiene procedure.
However, excessive use of mouthwashes can do more harm than good. Therefore, some dentists recommend that it be diluted with water or not used every day.
Tips to keep your mouth and teeth clean and healthy
- Hygiene of the oral cavity at home should be combined with periodic professional cleaning of the oral cavity. A classical dentist or dental hygienist with the help of special tools and tools will remove specific residues that accumulate over time.
- Remember that night is the most favorable time to the occurrence of plaque and caries, as the salivation and movement of the cheeks and tongue diminish: this makes life easier for bacteria. Therefore it is important to thoroughly brush your teeth every evening!
- The toothbrush should be changed every time you notice bristle damage, or every two to three months.
- Avoid using electric toothbrushes, since the circular movements of the bristles are not entirely correct and can damage the enamel.
- Do not use too often “whitening toothpaste” : in the long term, they can damage your teeth, because they have strong abrasive substances.
- If after eating you cannot brush your teeth, it is useful to chew the cud with menthol for ten minutes; the sticky composition of the chewing gum will help remove the remnants of food.
- If for some reason you often have dinner outside the house, you can buy a mini toothbrush or disposable toothbrushes to maintain oral hygiene in any situation.
- Try to stop smoking, because the teeth turn yellow and the enamel deteriorates hopelessly.